Open Port Period (1876-1910)

hwang chosen chaeknyak.jpg - 14.99 Kb Huang Zunxian 黃遵憲, 朝鮮策略 Zhaoxian celue [Strategy for Korea], recommended Korea to enter the treaty relationship with the US against Russian expansionism. Had a positive view of Protestantism as an American religion.  
Les Missionnaires de Corée de la Socieite des Missions étrangères de Paris. Grammaire Coréenne: Précédée d'un Introduction sur le Caractère de la Langue Coréenne. Yokohama, L. Lévy et S. Salabelle: 1881.
Ross, John. Korean Speech with Grammar and Vocabulary. Shanghai: Kelly & Walsh, 1882. (reprint, Seoul : T'ap Ch'ulp'ansa, 1979).
0 1882 luke.jpg - 21.63 Kb ross family ca 1885.jpg - 23.38 Kb April   John Ross, Gospel of Luke, the first Korean translation of the gospel, 1882  published in Manchuria. Korean colporteurs and evangelists brought the copies of Luke and John into Korea. Japanese colorteurs also distributed the copies in Pusan.
yisj 1883.jpg - 6.54 Kb 1883 3rd.jpg - 64.36 Kb April 29 Yi Sujông was baptized by J. W. Knox in Tokyo and made a speech at the third Conference of Japanese Protestant Leaders
1883 foote.jpg - 40.58 Kb American minister Foote goes to the palace
1883 min.jpg - 35.23 Kb September 6  Korean envoy to US, seated center Min Yôngik, his left Hong Yôngsik, his left Percival Lowell, arrived in San Francisco
1883 goucher.jpg - 15.96 Kb John F. Goucher, president of Baltimore Women's College, met the Korean envoy en route from Chicago to New York. Goucher supported Maclay's trip to Korea in 1884 and offered $2,000 for the establishment of the Korea Mission of the Methodist Episcopal Church, whose first missionaries were Appenzellers and Scrantons 
0 foulk.jpg - 8.84 Kb 1882 am legation.jpg - 22.81 Kb May   George Clayton Foulk (1856-1893) arrived in Seoul and served as naval attaché to the first U.S. legation and was chargé d'affaires from 1885 until 1887.
1884_Sorae_church_.jpg - 69.04 Kb Korean Christians began to worship at Sorae, Hwanghae
1883 mr  mrs maclay.jpg - 29.07 Kb 1884 kojong.jpg - 13.37 Kb June  Robert S. Maclay visited Seoul for a scout mission trip from Japan. King Kojong permitted to establish Protestant schools and hospitals
allen.jpg - 4.30 Kb September 22 Dr. Horace Newton Allen, the first resident Protestant (Presbyterian) missionary to Korea, was transferred from Shanghai to Seoul
kim ok kyun.jpg - 19.36 Kb  min y i.jpg - 19.09 Kb Dec. 4 Kapsin Coup. by Kim Okkyun and his progressive party. Dr. Allen saved heavily wounded Min Yôngik. Allen and Min became friends. Allen submitted a plan to establish a modern hospital in January 1885 
     Jan. 25 H. G. Underwood arrived in Yokohama
1885 appenzellers.jpg - 20.03 Kb February 27 Mr. & Mrs. Appenzeller, W. B. Scranton Family arrived in Yokohama
     March 31 The Korea Mission of the Methodist E. Church organized in Tokyo by Maclay 
1884 underwood.jpg - 20.01 Kb1884 appenzeller.jpg - 13.19 Kb April 5  Appenzellers and Underwood reached Chemulpo
                   Mr. & Mrs. Appenzeller (pregnant) returned to Japan owing to political unrest
a 1885 u house.jpg - 21.76 Kb April 6  H. G. Underwood came to Seoul
1885 kojong.jpg - 20.91 Kb 601004072329213.jpg - 59.03 KbApril 14 Chejungwon (Royal Hospital, the first modern national hospital) opened in Seoul. Dr. Allen worked there as doctor of the American Legation 
     May 22  Dr. W. B. Scranton came to Seoul
     June 20 Mr. & Mrs. Appenzeller and Scranton family came to Seoul
     June 28 The first Protestant worship service for foreigners and missionaries
     Aug. 3    Appenzeller began to teach two Korean students
     Oct. 13   The first Lord's Supper for foreigners (Union Church)
     Nov. 19  The first western baby, Alice Appenzeller, was born 
a 1889 o.jpg - 39.13 Kb May 11  Underwood opened an orphanage
1886_mrs_scrnaton_house.jpg - 204.74 Kb May   Mary Scranton received the first pupil of girls' school,
teaching her at her own room 


a 1887_paejae.jpg - 34.83 Kb June 8 Appenzeller's Paejae School opened officially 
rho c g.jpg - 19.20 Kb July 18   Underwood baptized Ro Ch'ungyong, the first Korean Protestant Christian baptized in Seoul  
  1887 mark cover aa A revised edition of the Yi Sujong's Gospel of Mark was publihsed
                             in September 1887 in Yokohama (tr. by Underwood and Appenzeller)
0 ross nt 1887.jpg - 4.98 KbThe first Korean NT, prepared by John Ross, published in Shenyang
         Queen Min bestowed the name "Ewha Haktang" upon Mary Scranton's school
l s horton.jpg - 23.52 Kb March 23   Miss Lillias S. Horton, MD, arrived in Seoul (married H. G. Underwood in MArch 1889) 
1888 bisijisi 11 June The Baby Riot  
1886 paejae.jpg - 8.35 Kb Paejae School, a new building completed
1887_salvation_for_All_Women_Hospital.jpg - 35.76 Kb November   Methodist Woman's Hospital, Pogunyôgwan, near Chôngdong Methodist Church, Seoul, opened 
1890_chungsin_girls_school_html.jpg - 43.75 Kb Chôngsin Haktang 정신여학당 Presbyterian Girlds' School in Seoul
1900 mukden church.jpg - 29.87 KbFeb. 25, S. A. Moffett, James Gale & Sô Sangnyun started a 3-month walking tour from Seoul through northern Korea into Moukden, Manchuria, coming back to Seoul through Hamheung and Wonsan. They met John Ross and saw the Mukden Church built in Chinese style
1892 helpers.jpg - 14.76 Kb Three Korean Presbterain Evangelists (helpers), Paek Hong-jun, Sô Sang-nyun, Ch'oe Myong-o
0 1892 gale moffett.jpg - 7.67 Kb Presbyterian missinonries (Moffett, Gale, Vinton) and helpers
0 1897 mec m.jpg - 24.45 Kb Korea Mission, Methodist Episcopal Church, Seoul
0 1893 pcus mission.jpg - 7.13 Kb Seven pioneer missionaries of the PCUS in Seoul
Tonghak Uprising

1892 hall  m.jpg - 15.17 Kb Hall & Moffett leaving for Pyongyang from Chemulpo (Moffett Collection) 
1894 py lim 
May Pyongyang Persecution Incident 

0 1894 landis.jpg - 26.67 Kb Anglican Night English School by Dr. E. B. Landis, Chemulpo
   July 23   Japanese troops took over the Korean imperial palace in Seoul
   Aug. 1     The First Sino-Japanese War erupted
avison.jpg - 9.44 Kb September  Dr. Oliver R. Avison became in charge of the Chejungwon (Royal Hospital) 
1894 korean tonghaks THe Second Tonghak Uprising 

miss jacobson.jpg - 15.05 Kb April 6  Miss Anna P. Jacobson, graduated from Main General Hospital Training School for Nurses, the first Presbyterian nurse, arrived in Seoul with Dr. Georgiana Whiting  

    April 17  China and Japan signed the peace treaty of Shimonoseki

    April 23  Russia, France, and Germany forced Japan to return the Liaodong peninsula to China

    May 8   China ceded Taiwan to Japan under the Treaty of Shimonoseki

1895 queen min  Oct. 8 Queen Min was assassinated by a Japanese gang led by Japanese minister Miura Koro 三浦梧樓


1896 pusan station 123 Missionaries of the Pusan station, PCUSA

    January 20  Miss Anna P. Jacobson died
img_0007.jpg - 37.39 KbRobert Speer, a secretary of BFM, PCUSA, visited Korea (Moffett Collection)
1897 shields.jpg - 56.83 Kb    September Esther L. Shields arrived in Seoul as the second R. N. of the Presbyterian missions (Moffett Collection) 
1897_chungdong_church.jpg - 33.04 Kb a 1897 .jpg - 21.38 Kb 0 chongdong 1898.jpg - 18.43 Kb 
Chongdong Methodist Church, Seoul                     Inside: gender segregated seats by Korean screens
1898_sorae_church_falgpole.jpg - 46.39 Kb suh kyongjo family.jpg - 39.97 Kb
Sorae Church and its Flag of St. George/ So Kyongjo 서경조 family 
a 1900 py cc.jpg - 12.90 Kb Central Presbyterian Church 장대현교회 in Pyongyang
l. h. severance.jpg - 15.24 Kb Mr. L. H. Severance met Dr. O. R. Avison at the Ecumenical Missionary Council in New York, and promised to donate $10,000 for a union hospital in Seoul
13_1901_council.jpg - 73.96 Kb the Presbyterian Council at Chejungwon, Seoul
clark1902.jpg - 20.50 Kb1902kearns.jpg - 29.92 Kbaap.jpg - 30.09 KbCharles Allen Clark, Carl Emerson Kearns, and Alexander A. Pieters, a converted Russian Jew, graduated McCormick Theological Seminary. Clark and Kearns were sent to Korea in 1902; Pieters to the Philippines and then was transferred to Korea in 1905.
     July       The first Korean Church at Mokgolia in Hawaii organized
     Aug. 7    Sinminhoe in Hawaii organized 
     Aug.       The Wonsan Revival began
     Sept.      The Nurses Training School began at the Pogu Hospital in Seoul by Edmunds
     Oct.        Sinmyong Girls' School in Taegu; Sungui Girls' School in Pyongyang;            
                    Youngsaeng Girls' School in Hamheung; Myongshin Boys' School in Kanggye;
                    Youngheung Boys' School in Mokpo; Maehyang School in Suwon established 
     Oct. 28  Seoul YMCA organized
     Nov. 19  Lucy Girls School in Wonsan established 
    Feb 8   Japanese navy sank two Russian cruisers in Inch'ôn. Russo-Japanese War began.
    Feb 9    Japanese troops landed near Seoul 
1904 s h.jpg - 142.92 Kb  September. New buildings of Severance (Chejungwon) Hospital opened
1905_poku_hospital.jpg - 36.99 Kb Miss Edmunds with Korean nurses and patients at the Methodist Woman's Hospital in Seoul
1906 6 pic.jpg - 109.24 Kb     January 30 Two Korean pupil nurses (Grace Yi and Martha Kim) were capped at the Methodist Woman's Hospital, Pogunyogwan (the first capping ceremony in Korea)
     September  Severance Hospital Training School for Nurses opened
     Jan.         The Pyongyang Revival began 
1907 first grdua.jpg - 41.36 Kb June 20     The first 7 graduates of the Union Presbyterian Seminary in Pyongyang. They were ordained to the ministry at the Presbytery in September.  
1907-presbytery.jpg - 99.80 Kb   Sept. 17  The independent Korean Presbytery organized.
                     S. A. Moffett elected moderator. 
1908 6 shmc grad.bmp - 336.67 Kb June 3    The Frist Seven graduates of the Severance Hospital Medical School
1908  .jpg - 25.43 Kb Nov. 15 First Korean graduate nurses (Grace Yi and Martha Kim) from Methodist Women's Hospital (Pogunyogwan), Seoul
janginhwan.jpg - 6.80 Kb stevens.jpg - 18.48 Kb March 23  Chang Inhwan & Chun Myongun shot Stevens to death at San Francisco 
1909_reynolds_trans.jpg - 46.42 Kb April      Rev. W. D. Reynolds and two Korean helpers completed the translation of the Korean Old Testament, Chunju

13 B May 1 Ernest Thomas Bethel, editor of Korea Daily News, died in Seoul
1909 mark 1.jpg - 24.28 Kb 1909 poster-1.jpg - 79.57 KbSeptember   The Million Soul Movement began. Korean Christians volunteered to distribute 700,000 copies of the Gospel of Mark and other evangelistic tracts and sheets
1909 sinhan minbo.jpg - 89.38 Kb September    a political cartoon of Sinhan Minbo (New Korea), a Korean newspaper in San Francisco, urged Koreans to attack Japanese imperialism in the name of the international law and Heavenly Way (Christianity)   
0 ahn cg.jpg - 7.88 Kb October 26.  安重根 Ahn Chunggûn (1879-1910), a Roman Catholic, assassinated Ito Hirobumi, Resident General.
    Feb. 15  Salvation Army School of Training Officers was opened
    Feb. 28  The Christian News 예수교회보 founded
    March 26.  Ahn Chunggûn was executed
    March 30   Dr. Irvin opened the Lepers' Hospital in Pusan 
    April   Ewha School began the collegiate department  
    April   Ebina Danjo and Watase Tsuneyoshi amder a scout visiting for the mission of of the Japanese Congregational Church in Korea
 0 ref nt.jpg - 11.41 KbApril   The Reference New Testament, prepared by Kilborne, published
1910 leaders in c.jpg - 48.16 Kb Leaders in Chaeryong station
                      (missionaries Hunt, Bernheisel, Koons)
                S. A. Moffett and Yun Ch'iho attended as delegates of the Korean Church
                G. H. Jones (from NY) joined the discussion on Chinese religions on June 18

                (Only 19 out of 1,215 members of the Conference came from the younger churches: 8 from India, 3 from China, 4 from Japan, 1 from Burma, 1 from Turkey, 1 from Korea, and probably 1 from Africa.)    

1910 1st grd severance.jpg - 36.42 Kb June 10 First graduation, Severance Hospital Nurses Training School. 
0 1910 4 yorodzu.jpg - 39.72 KbJapanese newspaper cartoon, criticizing American missionaries' baptism of nationalism on Koreans in the name of Christianity